Country with the biggest coffee production
For 150 years, Brazil has been a leader in the production of coffee in the world. In the past, its market share reached 80%, today it is about a third.
Coffee was brought to Brazil in the 18th century and at first no one took it seriously. It was a cultivated plant that was passed from farm to farm. By the 19th century, appeared farms that began to grow coffee for sale. A little later, by 1820-1830, production exceeded domestic demand and Brazil entered the world market. Almost immediately, it took a 30% share, and by 1840 she increased her 40%.
By 1920, Brazil was already producing 80% of the world's coffee, but this led to a huge oversupply and lower prices. In the 1930s, the government burned 78 million bags of coffee to provoke price increases, but that did not help. By 1975, the share of Brazilian coffee in the world fell to an already stable 33%. This is still a lot, if you remember that the remaining 67% are divided among themselves by about 50 countries. To date, about 220,000 farms in Brazil produce 2,595,000 tons of coffee.
Climate, terroir, features in Brazil are grown by 80% Arabica and 20% Robusta. The main regions for growing arabica are Minas Gerais and São Paulo. They are divided into smaller geographical areas: Sul de Minas, Serrado and Mozhiana. Robusta is grown in the states of Espiritu Santo and Rondonia.